How to market fortified food in Norway

Published 12.10.2012     Modified 12.10.2012

Food fortified with vitamins, minerals or amino acids may be marketed in Norway subject to a procedure of prior approval. Applications for the addition of such substances to foods must be sent to the Norwegian Food Safety Authority for approval; the relevant products must not be placed on the market before approval is given.

Regulation no 1925/2006 on the addition of vitamins and minerals and certain other substances to foodstuffs now harmonises fortification in EU-countries and have been implemented in Norwegian law by regulation 26th of February 2010 no 247 “om tilsetning av vitaminer, mineraler og visse andre stoffer til næringsmidler”.

Member States (and Norway as an EEA-state included) may however, in the transitional period before implementation of minimum – and maximum allowed levels of addition of vitamins and minerals in Appendix 1 to the regulation, in compliance with the rules of the Treaty, continue to apply existing national provisions on maximum and minimum allowances for vitamins and minerals added to foods and on the conditions applicable to this addition. Therefore, and according to §§ 4 and 6 of the regulation 26th of February 2010 no 247 on addition of vitamins, minerals and certain other substances to foods, vitamins, minerals and amino-acids can not be added to foodstuffs without special permission from the Norwegian Food Safety Authority.

Applications should be forwarded by the Norwegian importer of the product and shall include the following:

  • Information about producer/importing agency (name, address, phone-number etc)
  • Description of the product, including brand name
  • Ingredient list of the product
  • Information on the amount of added vitamins/minerals to each product expressed as parts per 100 ml / 100 gram of the product (including information regarding the content of naturally occurring amounts of the vitamins/minerals in question)
  • Information on the energy content in kcal/kJ per 100 ml/100 gram of the product – or if energy reduced/”free” the energy content in the similar regular product
  • Information about whether the product is designed to be marketed to a certain consumer grou

The decision as to whether an addition can be approved is made on the basis of a risk assessment carried out on a case-by-case basis. The risk assessment is carried out to ensure that the fortified foods can be eaten safely by all parts of the population. In order to define the criteria for the handling of the addition of vitamins and minerals in Norway, the National Food Safety Authority has consulted the expertise of the Norwegian Scientific Committee on Food Safety (VKM). A Danish model has been evaluated and adopted to Norwegian conditions. The model defines the maximum levels of vitamins and minerals that can be added per 100 kcal of the food in question. As a thumb rule, the Norwegian Food Safety Authority bases their decisions on these levels. The VKM-report “Model for assessing applications concerning food fortification” is available at under the heading "Faggruppe 7 – Ernæring (human), dietetiske produkter, ny mat og allergi".

In each case the addition is approved unless it is concluded from the scientific assessment that one or more population groups risk exceeding the upper tolerable level if the fortified product is placed on the marked.

The Norwegian Food Safety Authority is obliged to impose a fee on the handling of the petition on fortification. There will also be an administration fee of NOK 100. An invoice will be sent when the application is handled, and will be imposed whether the permission is granted or not. More information on the fee can be found at Forskrift om gebyrer til Mattilsynet. Forskrift om betaling av gebyrer for særskilte ytelser fra Mattilsynet.

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